The early history of civilization is dominated by those cultures we discussed in Chapter Two. However, there were a number of other important civilizations that emerged during this same time period. These smaller civilizations were heavily influenced by their larger and more powerful neighbors.
Trade routes brought distant travelers into new lands. With them they carried the technologies, ideas and cultures from one land to another. Sitting in the middle of these trade routes were the civilizations of the Middle East.
Never lose sight of the fact that old age needs so little but needs that little so much.
From the Middle Ages up until the end of the 19th century, barbers performed a number of medical duties including bloodletting, wound treatment, dentistry, minor operations and bone-setting.