Seeing the turmoil that was both within and surrounding France, the leading political party known as the Jacobins determined that they would crush any resistance within their new nation. They established neighborhood watches that were intended to find anyone who was not loyal. These watches would turn in suspected traitors, who would often be put to death.
This period of time is known as the Reign of Terror, and lasted from July 1793 until July 1794, during which approximately 17,000 individuals were executed.
Could we see when and where we are to meet again, we would be more tender when we bid our friends good-by.
Marie Louise De La Ramee
First news of the Declaration of Independence appeared on July 5, 1776, in Philadelphia''s Pennsylvanischer Staatsbote, a newspaper printed in German. George Washington didn''t hear about it until July 9th.