The Aryans were not unified under a single government. They shared the same language and traditions, but were organized into small tribes or groups. Each tribe was ruled by a chief known as a rajah.
The Aryans were a warlike people and celebrated their victories in battle, passing on war stories from one generation to the next. Early Aryans were nomadic, traveling from one place to another in search of food and shelter. Later Aryans learned to farm the fertile soils of the Indus River Valley, allowing their settlements to become more permanent.
The Aryan world was ruled by the men. Women were subject to their husbands and were considered their property. However, both boys and girls were allowed to attend schools and receive an education.