The city-state of Florence in Italy was the location where the Italian Renaissance began. This city was ruled by a wealthy family known as the Medici family. The Medici’s were effective leaders. They taxed both the poor and the wealthy, and used the funds to build public works, such as roads and sewers, that benefited everyone.
The result was that Florence became one of the wealthiest cities in all of Western Europe. The Medici Family were avid supporters of the humanities. They donated money to help support the development of the arts in their city. They were an important reason why the humanist movement grew in strength and popularity.