The Ming Dynasty
Some scholars believe that the Ming Dynasty was the greatest dynasty to rule China. Indeed, structures like the Great Wall and the Grand Canal were restored, and the Forbidden City was built during the rule of the first Ming Dynasty emperor.
This “brilliant” dynasty also saw the creation of an army of one million soldiers, along with a very large navy.
The new emperor focused greatly on China’s farmland and agricultural economy. As a result, China’s agriculture became a booming industry. Crops were plentiful and were sold at market, making a good deal of money for the farmers.
Throughout the Ming Dynasty, the capital city moved between Nanjing and Beijing four different times.
In 1644, the Ming Dynasty came to end due to a number of factors. One was the affect the Little Ice Age had on crops. The climate became too dry and too cold for crops to grow properly, resulting in hungry Chinese citizens. Another factor was a sense of rebellion that began to grow among the soldiers and people. Another was the silver currency that the country had become dependent upon as the main type of money in the country began to decline. These, along with invasions from outside forces, brought about the end of the Ming Dynasty.