The earliest Homo sapiens sapiens were the Cro-Magnons. These early modern humans are named after the location of their discovery in France in the 1860s. Since their original discovery, many other Cro-Magnon fossils and artifacts have been found throughout Europe, Asia and Africa.
Cro-Magnons were taller than the Neanderthal, but they were not as muscular. A very important advantage is that they had much improved technologies, languages and cultures over those of the Neanderthals.